Mining and Deforestation An Analysis of Rural Lives and Livelihood of Mining Area of Odisha


The forests of India play a crucial role in meeting a wide diversity of needs for millions of people. In India forests are indispensable for ecological, social, economic and cultural reasons. For these people, forests are an important source of livelihood and means of survival. The nature and degree of dependence on forests vary across population groups. The long association of the tribal communities with the forests and mountains are culturally significant. In addition to that, their lower levels of socio-economic development have resulted in a higher dependence of these hill and tribal communities on the forest for a livelihood as compared to the other population groups. Moreover, a number of small tribal groups are completely dependent on the forest for their livelihood. But now the destruction of forest lands and eviction from the forest areas is main concern of the people in and around the forest.